The general formula for saturated hydrocarbons is CnH2n+2.
Aldehydes contain functional group as depicted in image 10_04_013_016
Saturated hydrocarbons containing open chain single bonds between carbon carbon are called Alkanes.
Alkenes have at least one double bond between carbon carbon .
Benzene is an example of unsaturated cyclic compound as in it 6 carbons are joined together with alternate single and double bonds .
Aldehydes contain functional group as depicted in image 10_04_013_015
Compounds of carbon having the same molecular formula but different structural formula are called structural isomers .
Cyclo hexane is an example of saturated cyclic compounds as all the 6 carbons are bonded and arranged in a ring joined together with a single covalent bond.
In a branched atleast one carbon atom is attached to three or four other carbon atoms.
These heteroatoms conferring specific properties to the hydrocarbons are also known as functional groups.
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