The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) makes prominent the chapters that must be completed in class 8. ICSE Class 8 Chemistry contains all the chapters that the students of middle school must know and learn before they go into the details of these topics.
Class 8 Chemistry is the second year in which ICSE students learn different subdivisions of Science. The bifurcation was introduced to them in the previous year. Students understand the concept of chemicals, the structure of atoms, and many other fundamental concepts of Chemistry. The chapters introduced in ICSE Class 8 Chemistry are a mixture of new topics that will act as fundamental for secondary school and old topics that have been taught in the previous as an introduction to Chemistry. Chemistry is an interesting subject when studied along with visual representation and real-life experiments that take place in laboratories that are conducted in a controlled environment. All of these together not only make the students grasp the basic components of chemistry but also create awe among students.
What is Chapter in Chemistry for Class 8?
The chapters included in ICSE Class 8 Chemistry are, Matter, Physical and Chemical Changes, Elements Compounds and Mixtures, Atomic Structure, Language of Chemistry, Chemical Reactions, Hydrogen, Water, and Carbon and its Compounds. Let us further discuss in detail what a student of ICSE Class 8 Chemistry will learn in the entire year.
Students will be able to acquire knowledge about the main postulates of the kinetic theory of matter. The chapter contains a detailed explanation of the change of state of matter with respect to the attraction of molecules and intermolecular space. Students will also learn about the law of conservation of mass.
Download PDF Worksheet for Chapter 1 Matter
- Worksheet – Main postulates of kinetic molecular theory of matter
- Worksheet – Explanation of change of state of the matter
- Worksheet – Law of conservation of mass
Test You Knowledge with our chapter wise MCQ and Worksheet Notes:
ICSE Chemistry Chapter 1 Matter MCQ
- MCQ – Main postulates of kinetic molecular theory of matter
- MCQ – Explanation of change of state of the matter
- MCQ – Law of conservation of mass
2. Physical and Chemical Changes
This chapter will make students review the concept of matter that the students have learnt and give them an idea about different types of physical and chemical changes, with proper classification of these changes and examples.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 2 Physical and Chemical Changes
- Worksheet – Revision on Physical and Chemical Changes
- Worksheet – Physical and Chemical changes – Classification with examples
3. Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures
Chapter 3 includes a brief description of elements, compounds, and mixtures. In this chapter, students will be able to know the different types of elements, compounds, and mixtures and also the differences among them.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 3 Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
- Worksheet – Revision of Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
- Worksheet – Elements, compounds and mixture – a brief explanation.
- Worksheet – Separation of the components of a mixture
- Worksheet – Emphasis on the principle of separation.
4. Atomic Structure
Students will be able to grasp the fundamental concept of subatomic particles present in an atom: electrons, protons, neutrons. It also includes the description of the nucleus and extranuclear parts which the students will be able to describe by the end of the chapter. The chapter has included atomic number and mass number that is required to calculate various empirical formulas in higher classes.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 4 Atomic Structure
- Worksheet – Fundamental subatomic particles in an atom: electrons, protons, neutrons
- Worksheet – Nucleus and extra nuclear parts
- Worksheet – Atomic number and mass number.
5. Language of Chemistry
Language of Chemistry is one of the important chapters for ICSE Class 8 Chemistry. It contains symbols of elements that must be learnt by the students to understand complex equations. The chapter comprises formulae of compounds. It is then followed by the inclusion of chemical equations (from word equations). The students will also find the Law of conservation of mass. Balancing simple equations are also included. After being able to balance simple equations students can relate the law to the balancing of simple equations. The chapter enables students to gather information related to a chemical equation. The chapter encompasses the limitations of a chemical equation. It defines a catalyst and explains the nature and function of the same.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 5 Language of Chemistry
- Worksheet – Symbols of elements.
- Worksheet – Formulae of compounds.
- Worksheet – Chemical equations (from word equations).
- Worksheet – Law of conservation of mass
- Worksheet – Balancing simple equations
- Worksheet – Relate the law to the balancing of simple equations
- Worksheet – Information gathered from a chemical equation
- Worksheet – Limitations of a chemical equation
6. Chemical Reactions
The sixth chapter is also a lengthy one. It contains topics that need to be explained in a detailed manner. It comprises topics such as the four different types of chemical reactions, the reactivity series. It gives a detailed description and classification of oxides, whether acidic, basic, amphoteric, or neutral. The students hence will receive a vast amount of knowledge after studying this chapter.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 6 Chemical Reactions
- Worksheet – Types of reactions
- Worksheet – Reactivity series
- Worksheet – Predict the reactivity of metals
- Worksheet – Endothermic and exothermic processes/ reactions.
- Worksheet – Neutralization reaction
- Worksheet – Decomposition reactions to form Oxides.
- Worksheet – Classification of oxides
The chapter on hydrogen contains the preparation of hydrogen through the process of electrolysis. A detailed explanation of components of electrolysis. It includes the Bosch process and Oxidation and Reduction too.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 7 Hydrogen
- Worksheet – Preparation of hydrogen, from water – electrolysis
- Worksheet – Preparation of hydrogen in the laboratory.
- Worksheet – Preference of zinc as the metal to be used
- Worksheet – Choice of dilute acids
- Worksheet – Bosch’s process
- Worksheet – Properties and uses of hydrogen.
- Worksheet – Oxidation and Reduction.
The chapter explains water as a universal solvent, the various types of salts that dissolve in water. The reactivity of water with different metals is also discussed in the chapter on Water. Students will be able to establish the difference between hard and soft water and the disadvantages of using hard water.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 8 Water
- Worksheet – Dissolution of salts in water – meaning and explanation
- Worksheet – Universal solvent – meaning.
- Worksheet – Solutions, suspensions, colloids
- Worksheet – Differentiate unsaturated/saturated and supersaturated solutions
- Worksheet – Suspensions and colloids.
- Worksheet – Water of crystallisation.
- Worksheet – Hydrated and Anhydrous substances, hygroscopic
- Worksheet – Reactivity of metals with cold water, hot water and steam
- Worksheet – Hard and soft water and methods of softening of hard water.
- Worksheet – Disadvantage of using hard water.
9. Carbon and its Compounds
The last chapter of ICSE Class 8 Chemistry deals with Carbon and its Compounds. It defines carbon and discusses the various allotropes of Carbon. The chapter comprises the physical and chemical properties of Carbon. Students will be able to understand the harmful effects of inhaling carbon monoxide. They will get an idea about the acidic nature of Carbon along with its interaction with lime water and iron.
Download PDF Worksheet Chapter 9 Carbon and Its Compound
- Worksheet – Allotropes of Carbon – definition and explanation
- Worksheet – Crystalline and amorphous nature of allotropes of carbon
- Worksheet – Uses of diamond, graphite, coke, coal, soot
- Worksheet – Laboratory preparation, properties and uses of carbon dioxide
- Worksheet – Physical properties of Carbon dioxide
- Worksheet – Chemical properties of Carbon Dioxide
- Worksheet – Acidic nature
- Worksheet – Reaction with lime water
- Worksheet – Properties and uses of Carbon monoxide
- Worksheet – Emphasis on use as reducing agent in the extraction of iron
- Worksheet – harmful properties of Carbon monoxide when inhaled – Asphyxia.
Therefore, the students will be able to inculcate a lot of knowledge about the important components of the environment, for example, water, hydrogen, and carbon. Students need to be actively involved in acquiring knowledge on the above topics so that they are ready to learn the more complex topics in secondary classes.